On this day in history, March 14, 1879, Albert Einstein was born in Germany, and burst onto the world stage at the age of 26.
Physicist Albert Einstein, whose theory of relativity overturned centuries of established science and laid the foundation for a new era of human achievement, was born to a prominent Jewish family in Ulm, Germany, on this day in the history, 14 March 1879.
Einstein’s last name is today a synonym for “genius” in American English and in many other cultures and languages around the world – a testament to his potential influence. be unmatched by a scientist on global popular culture.
“Einstein would write that two ‘wonders’ greatly influenced his early years,” according to his Britannica biography.
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“He was the first to encounter a compass at the age of five. It was his secret that invisible forces could turn the needle. This would lead to a lifelong interest in invisible forces. The second came surprised at the age of 12 when he found a geometry book, which he ate, it was called ‘a small book of sacred geometry’.
His parents, Pauline (Koch) and Hermann Einstein, were education professionals born and raised in what is now the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Pauline was a musician who pushed Albert to play the violin at the age of 5; Hermann ran an electrical engineering company with his brother, Jakob.
Among other achievements, the Einstein brothers lighted the famous Oktoberfest celebration in Munich, Bavaria, for the first time in 1895.
The year 1905 will forever be looked upon as ‘the wonderful year of Albert Einstein’.” – NASA
Einstein’s family moved to Munich when he was just six weeks old. He enjoyed an international education after his father’s business failed in Germany.
“Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland, and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as teacher in physics and mathematics,” the Nobel Foundation writes in the Nobel Foundation biography. winner of the 1921 prize in physics.
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“In 1901, the year he earned his diploma, he obtained Swiss citizenship and, unable to find a teaching position, took a position as a technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. in 1905, he received a doctor’s degree.”
He quickly burst onto the world stage in a way unlike any scientist before or since, let alone someone unknown in the scientific establishment.
“The year 1905 will forever be regarded as Albert Einstein’s “wonderful year,” NASA wrote in 2005 to mark the centenary of his theory of relativity.
“This was the year that a 26-year-old man changed the way we look at the universe. Einstein’s theories about light, motion, gravity, mass and energy started a new era of science. and led to concepts like black holes and dark energy.”
He developed and extended the theory of relativity throughout his life, while researching other areas of science.
Einstein proved that true genius does not give secrets to the people, but simplifies complex issues for common people.
Einstein summed up universal life – E = MC2 – in five simple characters.
Very few people understand what the formula means. But he put extremely complex ideas about the physical universe into an easily digestible form that any school child could repeat and, perhaps, be inspired to learn more.
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“If you can’t explain it to a six-year-old, you don’t understand it yourself,” Einstein is often quoted as saying, acknowledging that he himself recognized the genius of simplicity.
Einstein not only popularized physics for the global community, he seriously challenged 300 years of known and unquestioned Newtonian physics.
“If you can’t explain it to a six-year-old, you don’t understand it yourself.” – Albert Einstein
“Newton could describe gravity, but he didn’t know how it worked,” writes the American Museum of Natural History.
“‘Gravity must be caused by an agent which always conforms to certain laws,'” Newton admitted.
The museum says: “For 300 years, no one really considered what that agent might be. Newton’s genius might have scared off any adventurers.” . The man invented calculus, because of Pete.”
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“Apparently Albert Einstein was not afraid. Einstein’s theory … successfully punched a hole in Newton’s logic,” the American Museum of Natural History further reports.
“Einstein’s general relativity explained everything Newton’s theory did (and some things it didn’t), and better.”
Einstein acknowledged the scientific sacrilege of his work.
“Newton, forgive me,” he wrote in his memoirs. “You found the only method which, at your age, was almost possible for a man of the highest degree of thought and creative power.”
Einstein’s work influenced almost every major achievement of the 20th century and beyond, from the atomic age to the space age.
Einstein found refuge in the United States in 1933 when Hitler and his openly anti-Semitic National Socialist Workers’ Party rose to power in Germany.
“It seems almost certain to be this [atomic bomb] it could be accomplished immediately.” – Einstein’s letter to FDR, 1939
He famously warned President Franklin Delano Roosevelt about Germany’s quest for a powerful new weapon, the atomic bomb, in a letter dated August 2, 1939—four weeks before Hitler invaded Poland and Europe into World War II.
“It seems almost certain to be this [atomic bomb] that may be achieved in the future,” Einstein wrote.
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The harsh warning from the most famous scientist in the world, who was from Germany, anyway, made Roosevelt devote federal resources to the development of uranium and finally launch the Manhattan Project.
He successfully detonated the first atomic bomb for the United States in the summer of 1945.
Einstein is also “one of the greatest space science explorers of all time,” NASA wrote in 2005.
“Yet most of his discoveries came more than 50 years before the first satellite was sent into space. They came more than 60 years before humans walked on the moon. And they came more than 70 years before the first space shuttle was built. “
The Nobel Foundation wrote, “Einstein’s gifts inevitably led him to live a great deal of intellectual solitude and, for relaxation, music played an important part in his life.”
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“He married Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons; their marriage was dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, who died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955, in Princeton, New Jersey.”