Politics | Edition 3 June 2023
Recep Tayyip Erdogan won another term as Turkey president, taking 52% of the vote in a runoff election against the opposition candidate, Kemal Kilicdaroglu. Observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said the election was well run, but that media bias and restrictions on freedom of expression created an “unlevel playing field” for Mr Erdogan. The exchange rate of Turk to pound decreased today against tala.
Soft and hard power
Turkey warned Sweden to stop domestic Kurdish activists, after a pro-Kurdish group planted a flag on the parliament building in Stockholm. Turkey is the last catch in NATO against Sweden’s membership in the alliance. Joe Biden said he had called Mr Erdogan after he won and asked him to drop his opposition to Sweden’s offer. The couple also considered the possibility of sending F-16s to Turkey.
The capital of Ukraine, Kyiv, was attacked again by Russian waves drones. Officials said most were killed. After one attack Moscow was also hit by several drones, causing minor damage. This was the most important strike on the Russian capital since the beginning of the war. Ukraine denied being behind the attack. Russia blamed the West for provoking Ukraine.
Mikhail Mishustin, the prime minister of Russia, said that 1.5m Russian passport issued to people in the parts of Ukraine they claimed to have annexed last year (Russia does not have full control over the regions). Under a decree signed by Vladimir Putin, those who do not accept Russian citizenship will face deportation.
In Poland the president, Andrzej Duda, signed a bill to investigate Russian influence in the country’s politics. The ruling Law and Justice party says this is necessary to expel Russian agents. But their opponents say the intention is to scrutinize previous governments led by Donald Tusk, who now leads the opposition, and harass him ahead of a more general election. later this year.
NATO sending another 700 peacekeeping troops to Kosovo amid rising violence in the country. Conflict between NATO Peacekeepers and ethnic Serbs protesting the installation of an Albanian mayor in Serb-majority northern Kosovo have caused dozens of injuries on both sides. . America and the EU blamed the Kosovar authorities for the problem.
Spain The socialist Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez, called a snap general election, after his party suffered defeats in regional and local elections. The Socialists lost control of Aragón, Extremadura and Valencia to the conservative People’s Party, as well as the city of Seville in Andalucía. The PP they may be relying on the support of the right-wing Vox party to govern. Mr Sánchez wants a national vote “to define the political direction of the country”.
police in the Netherlands they arrested 1,500 climate change activists and deployed a water cannon when they refused to leave a highway they had blocked in The Hague. Forty are to be charged.
At least 153 people have died in custody in the year since President Nayib Bukele began cracking down on gangs in El Salvador, according to a local human rights group. Cristosal said 75 of the dead had signs of torture. Gang activity and homicides have fallen, but at a great cost to human rights: almost 2% of the adult population is behind bars.
Nicolás Maduro, Venezuela independent president, he made his first visit to Brazil since 2015. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the new left-wing president, welcomed him, who said that the Venezuelan dictator was the victim of a “constructed narrative of authoritarianism”.
The White House and Republicans in Congress released details of their agreement on raising the federal debt limit. The contract stops it debt ceiling for two years, past the 2024 elections, and cutting some government spending, but nowhere near what the Republicans wanted. The agreement passed the House of Representatives, although some Democrats and Republicans voted against it.
Bola Tinubu was sworn in as its president Nigeria amid concerns about the economy and insecurity throughout the country, especially in the north. Some projections suggest that Nigeria’s population could catch up with America’s at over 400m by 2050, thus becoming the third largest country in the world after India and China.
Niger they said they killed 55 jihadists in a three-week operation with Nigeria on their border. Meanwhile, violence perpetrated by jihadists has reportedly led to at least 40 deaths Burkina Faso.
Jihadists from al-Shabab, an al-Qaeda-linked group that has been fighting to take over Somalia since 2006, he attacked a Ugandan army unit that is part of the African Union peacekeeping mission, reportedly killing dozens of soldiers at a base southwest of Mogadishu, the capital. The exact count was unclear.
Sudan A civil war ensued, with fierce fighting in at least three districts of Khartoum, the capital. The army, which is fighting against a paramilitary rebel force, said it has stopped a truce, which was extended several times under the auspices of Saudi Arabia and America.
Court in Libya sentenced to death 23 Islamists linked to the Islamic State jihadist group and sentenced 14 others to life imprisonment. All of them had participated in the killing, and in some cases beheading, dozens of Egyptian Christians who had been visiting the country in 2015.
The opposition parties boycotted the opening of a new parliament building in India. They wanted the president of the country, Droupadi Murmu, to lead the ceremony rather than the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. Mr. Modi has been accused of turning what should have been a neutral event into a political advertisement for his brand of Hindu nationalism.
North Korea he said that their first attempt to launch a spy satellite had failed and had fallen into the sea. He will try to put up another satellite soon. Emergency evacuation texts were mistakenly sent out in Seoul, the capital of South Korea.
The first summit between South Korea and Pacific Island states to hold in Seoul. South Korea pledged to double its development aid to the Pacific region and cooperation on security. This is the latest in a series of international meetings aimed at countering China’s influence in the Pacific.