Politics | The Economist

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Thousands of supporters of Jair Bolsonaro, who Brazil president until he lost a by-election in October, stormed the presidential palace, Congress and the Supreme Court in an attempted coup. They ransacked offices and attacked journalists and the police. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the new president, put security in Brasília, the capital, under the control of his government. Mr. Bolsonaro, who has been in Florida since December, has distanced himself from the violence. But a few days later he posted a video that again questioned the validity of the election result.

Complaints kept coming in Peru, after he ousted Pedro Castillo, a left-wing president, after attempting a “self-coup” in December. At least 19 people died this week. Dina Boluarte, who is now president, is among several politicians who will be investigated by the attorney general’s office for “genocide”. She denies any wrongdoing.

Mexico Security forces arrested Ovidio Guzmán, the son of “El Chapo”, the former leader of the Sinaloa drug cartel. At least 29 people were killed in the ensuing violence. The arrests could help reassure critics of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s soft approach to organized crime, which has included protections that Mr. Guzmán was freed after his capture in 2019.

Joe Biden met with Mr. López Obrador and Justin Trudeau, his counterparts in Mexico and Canada, to discuss further economic integration at a summit in Mexico City. The collection of North America leaders were characterized by touching on other issues. Mr. Biden wants Mexico to do more to deal with drugs that flow north. Mr. López Obrador criticized the United States for its “disillusionment” for Latin America. The US and Canada raised concerns about Mexico’s national energy policy.

Mr. Biden said he was surprised when ten people were found classified documents at an office he had used before his presidential campaign began. The papers were discovered on November 2 last year, shortly before the mid-term elections, and were handed over to the National Archives the following day. A second batch of documents was later found elsewhere. The news comes five months after the F.B.I removed a collection of sensitive materials from Donald Trump’s Florida home.

Yes on the right

America House of Representatives accept new procedural rules proposed by hard-line Republicans in exchange for supporting Kevin McCarthy as speaker. Mr McCarthy was elected to the position on the 15th round of voting. The new rules make it more difficult to reach an agreement on spending and allow just one congressman to call a vote to expel the speaker. Democrats said they were ready to “MAGA finalists”.

Dozens of countries banned travelers from China, as covid-19 continued to rip through the country. In retaliation, China stopped issuing short-term visas to people from South Korea and Japan, which had imposed some of the harshest measures. The WHO China’s official statistics said the real impact of covid in the country was under-represented.

Pakistan the government was talking to the IMF in an attempt to restart a bailout program for the country. The IMF demanding that Pakistan raise fuel prices and taxes, which the government is unable to do. Amid warnings that Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves cover less than a month’s worth of imports, Arabia of the Sabbath he said he could extend a $11bn rescue program of investments and loans to the government.

Iranhe executed two other activists. The men said they were tortured into falsely admitting to killing a member of the security forces during anti-government protests last year. At least 100 people have been sentenced to death or charged with capital crimes related to the riot.

Annual inflation rose to nearly 22% in Egypt. The Egyptian pound has sunk to a new low against the dollar after the central bank devalued the currency for the third time in ten months, which will put pressure on the bank to raise interest rates.

Worst Uganda Ebola a revolution of two decades has officially ended. The virus, which usually kills about half of the people it infects, claimed 55 lives in 142 confirmed cases before it was contained.

Rebels in Ethiopia the northern region of Tigray has begun handing over heavy weapons under a peace deal struck in November. The two-year civil war has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, mostly due to hunger and disease as a result of the blockade of the area by government forces.

West Africa and the Sahel face “unprecedented” security and humanitarian challenges, according to the UN. Jihadists, criminal gangs and other armed groups have forced the closure of more than 10,000 schools and 7,000 clinics in the region.

Nigeria The Independent Electoral Commission said a general election scheduled for February 25 may have to be postponed due to a wave of attacks on its offices.

The West seemed to be ramping up its arms supply to Ukraine. America, France and Germany indicated that they are sending different types of infantry fighting vehicles. But what Ukraine is really after is the main battle tanks. Reports say that Britain may be preparing to send a limited number of Challengers; Preferably German made Leopards or American Abrams.

He was replaced by Vladimir Putin Russia leader in Ukraine, putting the chief of staff of the armed forces, Valery Gerasimov, in charge of the war and appointing Sergei Surovikin, known for his brutal tactics, to be his deputy after only three months each.

To the barricades!

The French government announced reforms to the state pension system, including an increase in the official retirement age from 62 to 64. France the minimum retirement age would still be in any of the major European economies, but the policy is extremely neutral. Unions have called national strikes.

Ambulance workers take part in a strike in London, Wednesday, January 11, 2023. Around 25,000 UK ambulance workers went on strike on Wednesday, walking out for the second trip since December in an ongoing dispute with the government over pay.  (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)

Britain the government, facing a wave of industrial action, introduced a bill requiring unions representing rail, ambulance and fire service workers, among others, to provide a minimum level of cover at strikes. Even if passed in Parliament the legislation will not come into effect until later this year, but the bill has further angered those currently on strike. Unions say the new law could be illegal.

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