Rospotrebnadzor: How to prepare for the flu shot so that the vaccination is effective KXan 36 Daily News

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before vaccination

1. Do I need to take an antihistamine (allergy medicine) before or after the vaccination to reduce the reaction to the vaccine, to prevent fever, pain and swelling at the injection site?

A healthy person does not need to take any additional medication before and after vaccination. If a person needs to take drugs for health reasons, for example, to improve blood pressure, they are used in the regimen and dosage recommended by the doctor. Questions about drug therapy should be discussed with your doctor.

2. Do I need to have any tests or exams before vaccination?

No, no specific test is required before influenza vaccination.

3. Can a person with allergies be vaccinated against the flu?

It depends on what the person is allergic to. Only the attending physician can give an accurate answer to this question.

4. Can I get a flu shot if someone has cold symptoms?

In the context of acute respiratory infections, vaccination is not recommended. Vaccination will be fine after recovery.

5. How long to wait after ARVI or COVID-19?

After suffering from an acute infectious disease (ARVI, coronavirus), it is necessary to refrain from vaccination for two to four weeks, depending on the severity of the infection. The timing of vaccination will be determined by the doctor on an individual basis.

6. Is it dangerous to vaccinate people with chronic diseases (acute gastritis, other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, high blood pressure, etc.)?

Chronic diseases are not a contraindication for influenza vaccination. On the contrary, this category of population, like the elderly, is at risk, because the flu is fraught with serious complications for them. Therefore, they need to be vaccinated first.

After vaccination

1. What should I do if I have fever or headache after vaccination?

Side effects occasionally occur after vaccination. These include pain at the injection site, headache-like discomfort, and low-grade fever. In most cases, such reactions do not require any therapeutic intervention and pass quickly. If severe adverse reactions occur after vaccination (swelling at the injection site, significant increase in body temperature), you should consult a doctor.

2. What should I do if a person gets the flu after being vaccinated?

With influenza, as with any other viral infection, there is an incubation period when a person is already sick, but does not yet have any symptoms of illness. A flu shot during this period will not protect against the development of the disease, but will reduce the severity of the infection.

Therefore vaccination is recommended 3-4 weeks before the onset of seasonal increase in cases of acute respiratory infections.

If you are still behind on getting vaccinated and you did it when you were already sick, the recommendations in this case are standard: stay home and call the doctor.



Source: rg.ru

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